Paper exploring questions related to strengthening research and training on socioeconomic facets of rural development. It reviews papers written and discussions held in the Bellagio process and during the first three years of the CGIAR and TAC. The paper discusses the problems of international support to farm level agricultural development issues, ways of improving socioeconomic research inputs to public policy formulation, and strengthening socioeconomic research in national programs. FAO views on possible actions are presented. Agenda item presented at TAC Seventh Meeting, February 1974.